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Constitution of the People's Republic of China(198
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CHAPTER FOUR - THE NATIONAL FLAG, THE NATIONAL EMBLEM AND THE CAPITAL

Article 136

The national flag of the People's Republic of China is a red flag with five stars.

Article 137

The national emblem of the People's Republic of China consists of an image of Tiananmen in its center illuminated by five stars and encircled by ears of grain and a cogwheel.

Article 138

The capital of the People's Republic of China is Beijing.





1993 AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION OF THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA


(Adopted at the First Session of the Seventh National People's Congress on March 29,1993)
Article 3

The final two sentences of the seventh paragraph of the Preamble to the Constitution, ("The basic task of the nation in the years to come is to concentrate its efforts on socialist modernization. Under the leadership of the Communist Party of China and the guidance of Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought, the Chinese people of all nationalities will continue to adhere to the people's democratic dictatorship and the socialist road, steadily improve socialist institutions, develop socialist democracy, improve the socialist legal system, and work hard and self-reliantly to improve the socialist legal system, and work hard and self-reliantly to modernize the country's industry, agriculture, national defense and science and technology step by step to turn China into a socialist country with a high level of culture and democracy.), are amended to "Our country is in the primary stage of socialism. The basic task before the nation is the concentration of efforts of socialist modernization construction in accordance with the theory of building socialism with Chinese characteristics. Under the leadership of the Communist Party of China and the guidance of Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought, the Chinese people of all nationalities will continue to adhere to the people's democratic dictatorship and the socialist road and to uphold reform and opening to the outside world, steadily improve socialist institutions, develop socialist democracy, improve the socialist legal system, and work hard and self-reliantly to modernize the country's industry, agriculture, national defense and science and technology step by step to build China into a strong, prosperous culturally advances, democratic socialist nation."

Article 4

The following sentence is added to the end of the tenth paragraph of the Preamble to the Constitution: "Multi-party cooperation and the political consultation system under the leadership of the Communist Party of China shall continue and develop for the extended future."

Article 5

Article 7 of the Constitution, ("The state economy is the sector of socialist economy under ownership by the whole people; it is the leading force in the national economy. The state ensures the consolidation and growth of the state economy."), is amended to "The state-owned economy, i.e. the socialist economy with ownership by the people as a whole, is the leading force in the national economy. The state will ensure the consolidation and development to the state-owned economy."

Article 6

The first paragraph of Article 8 of the Constitution, ("Rural people's communes, agricultural producers' cooperatives and other forms of cooperative economy, such as producers', supply and marketing, credit and consumers' cooperatives, belong to the sector of the socialist economy under collective ownership by the working people. Working people who are members of rural economic collectives have the right, within the limits prescribed by law, to farm plots of cropland and hilly land allotted for their use, engage in household sideline production and raise privately owned livestock.)", is amended to "The rural contracted responsibility system based mainly on the household linking remuneration to output and cooperative economic forms – producers', supply and marketing, credit and consumers' cooperatives – are part of the socialist economy collectively owned by the working people. Working people who are all members of rural economic collectives have the right, within the limits prescribed by law, to farm plots of cropland and hilly land allotted for their private use, engage in household sideline production and raise privately owned livestock."

Article 7

Article 15 of the Constitution, ("The state practices planned economy on the basis of socialist public ownership. It ensures the proportionate and coordinated growth of the national economy through overall balancing by economic planning and the supplementary role of regulation by the market. Disturbance of socioeconomic order or disruption of the state economic plan by an organization or individual is prohibited."), is amended to "The state practices socialist market economy." "The shall enhance economic legislation and improve macro-control of the economy." "The state shall, in accordance with the law, prohibit disturbance of the socioeconomic order by any organization or individual."

Article

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