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Regulations Governing Management of Highways in th
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1988.01.01
STATE COUNCIL OF CHINA
REGULATIONS GOVERNING MANAGEMENT OF HIGHWAYS IN THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF
CHINA
(Promulgated by the State Council 13th October 1987)
                CONTENTS
CHAPTER I GENERAL PRINCIPLES
CHAPTER II HIGHWAY CONSTRUCTION
CHAPTER III HIGHWAY MAINTENANCE
CHAPTER IV HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION
CHAPTER V LEGAL RESPONSIBILITIES
CHAPTER VI SUPPLEMENTARY PROVISIONS
           CHAPTER I GENERAL PRINCIPLES
Article 1 These regulations are formulated with a view to strengthening
highway construction and management, making the best use of highways in
the national economy and defence, as well as in the people's everyday
lives, and coping with the needs of socialist modernisation.
Article 2 These regulations apply to national trunk highway (hereafter
called national highway for short) provincial, autonomous regional, and
municipal  highway  (hereafter called provincial highway),  county
(hereafter called county road ), and township highway (hereafter called
township road ) in People's Republic of China These regulations shall
apply to accommodation highways where applicable.
Article 3 The Ministry of Communications of the PRC is the institution
in charge of the nation-wide highway undertaking.
Article 4 Highways shall be managed under unified leadership and  at
different levels.
National and provincial highway shall be built, maintained and managed
by provincial, autonomous regional, and municipal departments in charge
of highways.
Trans-provincial, autonomous regional and municipal motorways of the
national highway shall be built, maintained and managed by  special
organisations approved by the Ministry of Communications.
County road shall be built, maintained and managed by county (city)
departments in charge of highways.
Township road shall be built, maintained and managed by township (town)
people's governments.
Accommodation highway shall be built, maintained and managed by the
organisations using the highways.
Article 5 No units or individuals are allowed to occupy or damage
highways, land used for highways and highway facilities, which shall be
protected by state laws.
          CHAPTER II HIGHWAY CONSTRUCTION
Article 6 Highway construction plans shall be based on the needs of the
national economy and defence as well as the people's everyday lives, and
co-ordinated  with plans for railway, waterway, airway and  pipeline
construction and with urban planning.
Article 7 Plans for building national highway shall be formulated by the
Ministry of Communications and submitted to the State Council for
examination and approval.
Plans for building provincial highway shall be formulated by  the
provincial, autonomous regional and municipal departments in charge of
highways, submitted to the provincial, autonomous regional and municipal
people's governments for examination and approval, and reported to the
Ministry of Communications for the record.
Construction plans for county road shall be worked out by prefectural-
level  city organisations in charge of highways  (or  equivalent
organisations ) and submitted to the provincial, autonomous regional and
municipal people's governments or their agencies, for examination and
approval.
Construction plans for township road shall be worked out by county
departments in charge of highways, and submitted to the county people's
governments for examination and approval.
Plans for building accommodation highways are to be formulated by
organisations which shall use the highways, submitted to  higher
authorities for examination and approval, and reported to  local
departments in charge of highways for the record.
Article 8 The state encourages accommodation highways to be used for
community transportation, accommodation highways used for community
transportation, with the approval of provincial, autonomous regional and
municipal departments in charge of highways, may be reclassified  as
provincial highways or county roads.
Article 9 Highway construction funds are to be raised through  the
following channels: investment by the state or local governments, units
which shall use the highways, Sino-foreign joint ventures, community
funds,  loans, surcharges on vehicle purchase, and part of road
maintenance fees.
Highways  may  also be constructed by civilian workers,  community 
funds raised by society with government subsidies, and pay  workers 
in a disaster area as a form of relief to them.
Article 10 Departments in charge of highways may levy tools on vehicles
that use motorways, first and second-grade highways, and large highway
bridges, tunnels and ferry piers, which are built with loans or  funds
raised by the departments, in order to repay the loans or funds.
Rules  imposing tolls shall be worked ou

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