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Law of the People's Republic of China on the Prote
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1982.11.19
STANDING COMMITTEE OF THE NATIONAL PEOPLE'S CONGRESS
 LAW OF THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA ON THE PROTECTION OF CULTURAL
RELICS
 (Adopted at the 25th Meeting of the Standing Committee of the
Fifth National  People's  Congress and promulgated by Order No. 11 of
the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress on, and
effective as of November 19, 1982)
CONTENTS
CHAPTER I GENERAL PROVISIONS
CHAPTER II SITES TO BE PROTECTED FOR THEIR HISTORICAL AND CULTURAL
VALUE
CHAPTER III ARCHAEOLOGICAL EXCAVATIONS
CHAPTER IV CULTURAL RELICS IN THE COLLECTION OF CULTURAL INSTITUTIONS
CHAPTER V CULTURAL RELICS IN PRIVATE COLLECTIONS
CHAPTER VI TAKING CULTURAL RELICS OUT OF CHINA
CHAPTER VII AWARDS AND PENALTIES
CHAPTER VIII SUPPLEMENTARY PROVISIONS
CHAPTER I GENERAL PROVISIONS
 @@ Article 1. This Law is formulated with a view to strengthening
state protection  of  cultural  relics,  contributing  to  the
development  of  scientific  research,  inheriting  the splendid
historical and cultural legacy of our nation, conducting education in
patriotism and in the revolutionary tradition,  and  building  a
socialist society with an advanced culture and
ideology.
 @@  Article  2.  The  state  shall place under its protection,
within the boundaries of the People's Republic of China, the following
cultural relics of historical, artistic or scientific value:
  (1)   sites  of  ancient  culture,  ancient  tombs,  ancient
architectural structures,  cave  temples  and stone carvings that
are of historical, artistic or scientific value;
 (2)  buildings, memorial sites and memorial objects related to
major historical events, revolutionary movements or famous people that
are  highly  memorable  or  are  of  great  significance  for
education or for the preservation of historical data;
 (3)  valuable  works of art and handicraft articles dating from
various historical periods;
 (4)  important revolutionary documents as well as manuscripts and
ancient  or  old  books  and  materials,  etc.,  that  are  of
historical, artistic or scientific value; and
 (5)  typical  material  objects reflecting the social system,
social  production  or  the  life  of  various nationalities in
different historical periods.
 The  criteria  and measures for the verification of cultural relics
shall  be  formulated  by  the  state  department  for cultural
administration, which shall report them to the State Council for
approval.
 Fossils of paleovertebrates and paleoanthropoids of scientific value
shall be protected by the state in the same way as cultural relics.
 @@  Article  3.  The state department for cultural administration
shall take charge of the work concerning cultural relics throughout the
country.
 Local people's governments at various levels shall place under
their  protection   cultural  relics  in  their  respective
administrative   areas.  Provinces,   autonomous  regions,  and
municipalities  directly  under  the Central Government as well as
autonomous prefectures, counties, autonomous counties  and  cities
where  there are relatively large amounts of cultural relics may set
up  organs  for the protection and control of the cultural relics
within their respective administrative areas.
 All  government  organs,  public  organizations  and individuals
have the obligation to protect the country's cultural relics.
 @@  Article 4. All cultural relics remaining underground or in the
inland waters  or  territorial  seas within the boundaries of the
People's Republic of China shall be owned by the state.
 Sites  of  ancient culture, ancient tombs and cave temples shall be
owned by the  state.  Memorial  buildings,  ancient architectural
structures, stone carvings,  etc.,  designated for protection by the
state, unless governed by other state regulations, shall be owned by
the state.
 Cultural  relics  in  the collection of state organs, armed
forces,  enterprises  owned  by  the  whole  people  and public
institutions shall be owned by the state.
  @@  Article  5.  Ownership  of  memorial  buildings,  ancient
architectural structures  and  cultural  relics  handed down from
generation  to  generation  which  belong  to  collectives  or
individuals  shall be protected by state laws.  Owners  of  the
cultural  relics  must  abide  by the relevant state regulations
governing the protection and control of cultural relics.
 @@  Article  6.  The expenses for the protection and control of
cultural relics shall be listed in the budgets of the central and local
governments.
 CHAPTER II SITES TO BE PROTECTED FOR THEIR HISTORICAL AND CULTURAL
VALUE
 @@  Article  7.  Cultural  rel

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