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Law of the People's Republic of China on the Prote
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 @@  Article  17.  To  conduct  archaeological excavations for the
purpose of scientific  research,  institutions  in  charge  of
cultural  relics, institutions  for  archaeological research and
institutions  of  higher learning  in  the provinces, autonomous
regions, and municipalities directly under the Central Government
shall submit their excavation programmes to the state department for
cultural  administration  for joint examination with the  Chinese
Academy  of  Social  Sciences,  and  may  not proceed with the
excavations  until  they  obtain  the  approval  of the state
department for cultural administration.
 Archaeological  excavation programmes which have to be carried out
at the major sites to be protected for their historical and cultural
value at the national  level  shall  be  submitted to the state
department for cultural administration for joint examination with
the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences before they are forwarded to the
State Council for approval.
 @@  Article  18.  Before  carrying  out  a  large-scale capital
construction project,  the construction unit shall first conduct
investigation  or prospecting related to cultural relics, together
with the department for cultural  administration  of  a province,
an  autonomous  region  or  a municipality  directly  under  the
Central Government, at places where such relics  may  be buried
underground  within  the  area  designated  for the project.  If
cultural  relics are discovered in the course of investigation and
prospecting,  measures for handling them should be jointly decided upon
by  the  two parties through consultation. In case of important
discoveries, the  department  for  cultural  administration  of a
province, an autonomous region  or a municipality directly under the
Central Government shall submit timely  reports  for  handling by
the state department for cultural administration.
  While  carrying  out  capital  construction  or agricultural
production, any unit  or  individual that discovers cultural relics
shall immediately report the discoveries to the local department
for cultural administration. In case  of  important  discoveries,
the  local  department  for  cultural administration  must submit
timely  reports  for  handling  by  the departments for cultural
administration at higher levels.
 @@ Article 19. With regard to archaeological excavations which have
to be carried  out along with a construction project, the department
for cultural administration  of a province, an autonomous region
or  a municipality directly under the Central Government shall submit
an  excavation  programme  based  on  prospecting  to  the state
department for cultural administration for joint examination with
the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences and for approval by the
department. In cases where the pressing time limit for the completion
of  the project or the danger of natural damage makes it truly urgent
to  rescue  the  sites  of ancient culture and ancient tombs, the
department  for  cultural administration of a province, an autonomous
region or  a municipality directly under the Central Government may
organize people to  proceed  with  the  excavations  while going
through the procedures to obtain approval.
  @@  Article  20.  The  expenses and workforce needed for the
prospecting for cultural  relics and archaeological excavations which
have  to  be carried out because  of  capital  construction  or
construction for productive purposes shall  be  included  in the
investment and labour plans of the construction units or reported to
planning departments at higher levels for proper arrangement.
 @@  Article  21.  No  foreign national or foreign organization may
engage in archaeological  investigations  or excavations within the
boundaries  of  the People's  Republic  of China without special
permission granted by the State Council, on the basis of a report
from the state department for cultural administration.
CHAPTER IV CULTURAL RELICS IN THE COLLECTION OF CULTURAL INSTITUTIONS
 @@  Article  22.  Museums,  libraries and other institutions under
ownership by  the  whole people must classify the cultural relics in
their collection by  different grades, compile files for the relics
kept by them, establish a strict system of control and register
the relics with the relevant department for cultural administration.
 Local departments for cultural administration at various levels
shall compile  files  for the cultural relics in the collection
of cultural institutions in their respective administrative areas; the
state depart

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