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Regulations of the People's Republic of China on A
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1980.01.01
STANDING COMMITTEE OF THE NATIONAL PEOPLE'S CONGRESS
REGULATIONS OF THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA ON ACADEMIC DEGREES
 (Adopted at the 13th Meeting of the Standing Committee of the
Fifth National  People's  Congress and promulgated by Order No. 5 of
the Standing Committee  of  the  National  People's  Congress on
February 12, 1980, and effective as of January 1, 1981)
 @@  Article  1.  These  Regulations  are  formulated  for the
purpose  of  promoting  the  growth  of  specialized  personnel,
helping  to  raise  the academic  level  of  various branches of
learning  and  promoting  the development of education and science
in  our  country, in order to meet the needs of the socialist
modernization.
 @@  Article  2.  Any  citizen who supports the leadership of the
Communist Party  of  China and the socialist system and has attained
certain academic standards  may  apply  for an appropriate academic
degree in accordance with the provisions of these Regulations.
 @@  Article  3.  Academic  degrees  shall be of three grades: the
bachelor's degree, the master's degree and the doctor's degree.
 @@  Article  4.  The  bachelor's degree shall be conferred on
graduates from institutions  of  higher  learning  who  have good
academic records and have attained the following academic standards:
 (1)  having a relatively good grasp of basic theories, specialized
knowledge and basic skills in the discipline concerned; and
 (2)  having  initially acquired the ability to undertake scientific
research or to engage in a special technical work.
  @@  Article  5.  The  master's degree shall be conferred on
postgraduates in institutions  of  higher  learning or scientific
research  institutes  or persons  with qualifications equivalent to
postgraduates on graduation, who have passed examinations in the
required courses for the master's degree and  successfully defended
their  dissertations  and  have  attained  the following academic
standards:
 (1)  having  a  firm  grasp  of  basic theories and systematic,
specialized knowledge in the discipline concerned; and
  (2)  having  the ability to undertake scientific research or
independently to engage in a special technical work.
  @@  Article  6.  The  doctor's degree shall be conferred on
postgraduates in institutions  of  higher  learning or scientific
research  institutes  or persons  with qualifications equivalent to
postgraduates on graduation, who have passed examinations in the
required courses for the doctor's degree and  successfully defended
their  dissertations  and  have  attained  the following academic
standards:
 (1)  having  a  firm and comprehensive grasp of basic theories and
profound  and  systematic specialized knowledge in the discipline
concerned;
 (2) having the ability to undertake independent scientific research;
and
 (3) having made creative achievements in science or in a special
technology.
 @@  Article  7. The State Council shall establish an Academic
Degrees Committee  to  direct the work of conferring academic degrees
throughout the country.  The  Academic  Degrees  Committee  shall
consist  of  a chairman, vice-chairmen  and  other  members. The
chairman,  vice-chairmen and other members shall be appointed and
removed by the State Council.
 @@  Article  8.  The  bachelor's degree shall be conferred by
those institutions  of  higher  learning authorized by the State
Council. The master's  and  doctor's  degrees shall be conferred by
those  institutions  of higher  learning  and scientific research
institutes authorized by the State Council.
 A  list  of  institutions  of higher learning and scientific
research institutes  that  may  confer academic degrees (hereinafter
referred to as " degree-conferring units " ) and the disciplines in
which academic degrees may be conferred shall be submitted to the
State Council by its Academic Degrees Committee for approval and
promulgation.
 @@  Article  9.  Each degree-conferring unit shall establish an
academic  degree  evaluation  committee  and  form  dissertation
committees for the disciplines concerned.
 A dissertation committee must include relevant specialists from other
units,  and   the  committee  members  shall  be  selected  and
determined  by  the degree-conferring  unit  concerned. A list of
members  of the academic degree evaluation  committee  shall  be
submitted by the degree-conferring unit to the competent department
for approval. The competent department, in turn, shall  present the
approved  list  of  members  of  the  academic  degree evaluation
committee to the Academic Degrees Comm

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