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Regulations of the Military Ranks of Officers of t
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1988.07.01
STANDING COMMITTEE OF THE NATIONAL PEOPLE'S CONGRESS
 REGULATIONS  ON  THE  MILITARY RANKS OF OFFICERS OF THE CHINESE
PEOPLE'S LIBERATION ARMY
 (Adopted  at  the Second Meeting of the Standing Committee of the
Seventh National  People's Congress and promulgated by Order No.5 of
the President of the People's Republic of China on July 1, 1988, and
effective as of the same date)
CONTENTS
CHAPTER I GENERAL PROVISIONS
CHAPTER II MILITARY RANKS OF OFFICERS IN ACTIVE SERVICE
CHAPTER III RANKS OF OFFICERS IN ACTIVE SERVICE BASED ON THEIR
POSITIONS
CHAPTER IV INITIAL CONFERMENT OF RANKS ON OFFICERS IN ACTIVE SERVICE
CHAPTER V PROMOTION OF THE RANKS OF OFFICERS IN ACTIVE SERVICE
CHAPTER VI  DEMOTION, ANNULMENT AND DEPRIVATION OF THE RANKS OF
OFFICERS IN ACTIVE SERVICE
CHAPTER VII  INSIGNIAS OF THE RANKS OF OFFICERS IN ACTIVE SERVICE
AND THE WAYS OF WEARING THEM
CHAPTER VIII SUPPLEMENTARY PROVISIONS
CHAPTER I GENERAL PROVISIONS
 @@  Article  1.  These Regulations are formulated in accordance
with the relevant  provisions  of  the Constitution of the People's
Republic of China and the Military Service Law of the People's Republic
of China.
 @@ Article 2. A system of military ranks to be applied to officers
shall  be  established  for  the  purpose  of  strengthening the
revolutionization,  modernization  and  regularization  of  the
People's  Liberation Army, facilitating the command and management of
the armed forces and heightening the officers' sense of responsibility
and honour.
 @@  Article  3.  An  officer's rank shall be the title and
insignia identifying  the  grade  and  status of the officer as
well as an honour granted to him by the state.
 @@ Article 4. In accordance with the nature of service, the military
ranks shall  be classified into ranks for officers in active service
and ranks for officers in reserve service.
 @@ Article 5. An officer with a higher rank shall be the superior
of an officer  with  a  lower  rank.  When  an officer with a
higher  rank  is subordinate to an officer with a lower rank In
terms of position, the officer holding a higher position shall be the
superior.
 @@  Article  6. When an officer in active service is shifted to
reserve service,  his  rank  shall be identified as one " in reserve
service ". When an officer retires from military service, his rank
shall be preserved and identified as " tired ".
CHAPTER II MILITARY RANKS OF OFFICERS IN ACTIVE SERVICE
 @@  Article  7.  Officers'  ranks  shall be classified into the
following 11 grades under three categories:
 (1) Generals: first-grade general, general, lieutenant general and
major general;
 (2)  Field officers: senior colonel, colonel, lieutenant colonel and
major; and
(3) Junior officers: captain, lieutenant, second lieutenant.
@@ Article 8. Officers' ranks shall be differentiated as follows:
 (1)  Operational,  political  and  logistics  officers: general,
lieutenant general, major general, senior colonel, colonel, lieutenant
colonel, major, captain, lieutenant and second lieutenant.
 The  ranks of officers in the navy and of officers in the air force
shall be identified as ranks for the navy and for the air force
respectively.
 (2)  Specialized  technical  officers: lieutenant general, major
general, senior  colonel, colonel, lieutenant colonel, major, captain,
lieutenant  and  second   lieutenant.   Their  ranks  shall  be
identified as "specialized technical".
 CHAPTER III RANKS OF OFFICERS IN ACTIVE SERVICE BASED ON THEIR
POSITIONS
 @@  Article 9. The People's Liberation Army shall apply a system of
basing the ranks of officers on their positions.
 @@  Article 10. For the ranks of the Chairman and Vice-Chairmen
of the Central Military Commission based on their positions, separate
regulations shall  be formulated by the Standing Committee of the
National People's Congress.
 The ranks of members of the Central Military Commission based on
their positions shall range from general to lieutenant general, with
general as the standard rank.
 @@  Article  11. The ranks for operational, political and logistics
officers based on their positions shall be as follows:
 Chief  of the General Staff and Director of the General Political
Department  of  the  People's  Liberation Army: from general to
lieutenant general, with general as the standard rank;
 Officers  holding  positions at the level of commander of a greater
military command:  from general to major general, with lieutenant
general as the standard rank;
 Officers  holding  positions at the level of deputy commander of a
greater military  command:  from  lieutenant general to senior
colonel, with lieutenant general as the standard rank;
 Officers  holding  positions a

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