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Regulations of the Military Ranks of Officers of t
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 @@  Article  15.  Personnel appointed officers for the first time
shall have one of the following ranks conferred on them:
 (1)  The  rank  of  second  lieutenant  shall  be conferred on
graduates of secondary schools of the armed forces;
 The  rank  of second lieutenant shall be conferred on graduates of
two- or three-year  colleges;  in  accordance  with  the relevant
regulations of the General  Political  Department  of the People's
Liberation Army, the rank of lieutenant may be conferred on some of
them;
 The  rank of lieutenant shall be conferred on graduates of regular
colleges; in  accordance  with  the  relevant regulations of the
General Political Department  of  the People's Liberation Army, the
rank of second lieutenant may be conferred on some of them;
 The  rank of captain shall be conferred on those who have a master's
degree; in  accordance  with  the  relevant  regulations  of the
General Political Department  of  the People's Liberation Army, the
rank of lieutenant may be conferred on some of them; the rank of
lieutenant shall be conferred on those who have finished graduate
courses without a master's degree;
 The  rank  of major shall be conferred on those who have a doctor's
degree; in  accordance  with  the  relevant  regulations  of the
General Political Department of the People's Liberation Army, the
rank of captain may be conferred on some of them.
 (2) When enlisted men are appointed officers in wartime, appropriate
ranks shall  be conferred on them in accordance with the system of
officers' ranks based on their positions.
 (3)  When  civilian cadres of the armed forces and personnel of
non-military departments  are appointed officers, appropriate ranks
shall be conferred on them  in  accordance  with the system of
officers' ranks based on their positions.
 @@  Article  16.  The initial conferment of ranks on officers
shall be approved in line with the limits of authority prescribed as
follows:
 (1)  The ranks of general, lieutenant general, major general, senior
colonel and  colonel  shall  be conferred with the approval of the
Chairman of the Central Military Commission;
 (2)  The  ranks  of lieutenant colonel and major shall be conferred
with the approval  of  the  head  of  a general department of the
People's Liberation Army,  of a greater military command, of one of
the different services and arms, or of a unit equivalent to a greater
military command; and
 (3)  The  ranks  of  captain, lieutenant and second lieutenant
shall be conferred with the approval of the head of a group army or of
a unit at the army level that has the power to appoint and remove
officers.
 The authority for the conferment of the rank of first-grade general
shall be stipulated by the Standing Committee of the National People's
Congress.
CHAPTER V PROMOTION OF THE RANKS OF OFFICERS IN ACTIVE SERVICE
 @@  Article  17.  The  promotion of the ranks of officers shall be
conducted at the following intervals:
 (1)  In peacetime it shall require an interval of three years for an
officer to  be  promoted from second Lieutenant to lieutenant, and of
four years for him  to be promoted from lieutenant to captain, from
captain  to  major,  from  major  to  lieutenant  colonel,  from
lieutenant colonel to colonel or from colonel to senior colonel;
officers with the rank of senior colonel or a higher rank shall be
promoted selectively on the basis of their positions, their political
integrity and ability as well as their contributions to the building of
national defence; and
 (2)  The interval for the promotion of the ranks of officers
may be shortened in wartime. Specific measures shall be formulated by
the Central Military Commission in the light of wartime situations.
 The  periods  during  which officers study in academies or schools
shall be included in the intervals for the promotion of their ranks.
 @@  Article  18.  In general, officers shall be promoted grade by
grade at regular intervals.
 @@  Article  19. When, at the end of an interval for promotion, an
officer is  disqualified for promotion in accordance with the relevant
provisions of the  Central  Military  Commission  because of his
violation  of military discipline; his promotion shall be deferred or
he shall retire from active service.
 @@  Article  20. When an officer is appointed to a higher position
while his rank  is  lower  than  the  minimum  rank for his new
position, he shall be promoted ahead of time to the minimum rank for
his new position.
 @@  Article 21. Officers who have rendered outstanding services in
battle or work may be promoted in rank ahead of time.
 @@  Article  22.  Promotion  of  officers'  ranks  shall  be
a

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