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Military Service Law of the People's Republic of C
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1984.10.01
NATIONAL PEOPLE'S CONGRESS
MILITARY SERVICE LAW OF THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
 (Adopted  at  the Second Session of the Sixth National People's
Congress and promulgated  by  Order No. 14 of the President of the
People's Republic of China on May 31, 1984, and effective as of October
1, 1984)
CONTENTS
CHAPTER I GENERAL PROVISIONS
CHAPTER II ENLISTMENT IN PEACE TIME
CHAPTER III THE ACTIVE SERVICE AND RESERVE SERVICE OF SOLDIERS
CHAPTER IV THE ACTIVE SERVICE AND RESERVE SERVICE OF OFFICERS
 CHAPTER V CADETS ENROLLED BY MILITARY INSTITUTES AND ACADEMIES FROM
AMONG YOUNG STUDENTS
CHAPTER VI THE MILITIA
CHAPTER VII MILITARY TRAINING FOR RESERVISTS
 CHAPTER  VIII MILITARY TRAINING FOR STUDENTS OF INSTITUTIONS OF
HIGHER LEARNING AND STUDENTS OF SENIOR MIDDLE SCHOOLS
CHAPTER IX MOBILIZATION OF TROOPS IN WARTIME
 CHAPTER  X  PREFERENTIAL  TREATMENT  FOR  ACTIVE SERVICEMEN AND
PLACEMENT OF EX-SERVICEMEN
CHAPTER XI PUNISHMENTS
CHAPTER XII SUPPLEMENTARY PROVISIONS
CHAPTER I GENERAL PROVISIONS
 @@  Article 1. This Law is formulated pursuant to Article 55
of the Constitution  of  the  People's Republic of China, which
stipulates, " It is the  sacred  duty of every citizen of the
People's Republic of China to defend  the  motherland and resist
aggression. It is the honourable duty of citizens of the People's
Republic of China to perform military service and join the militia in
accordance with the law, " and in accordance with other relevant
provisions of the Constitution.
 @@  Article  2.  The People's Republic of China shall practise a
military service  system which is based mainly on conscription and
which combines conscripts with volunteers and a militia with a reserve
service.
 @@  Article  3.  All  citizens of the People's Republic of China,
regardless of  ethnic status, race, occupation, family background,
religious  belief and education,  have the obligation to perform
military service according to the provisions of this Law.
 Exemptions  from military service shall be granted to persons unfit
for it due to serious physical defects or serious deformities.
 Persons  deprived  of  political rights by law may not perform
military service.
 @@  Article  4.  The armed forces of the People's Republic of China
shall be composed  of  the Chinese People's Liberation Army, the
Chinese People's Armed Police Force and the Militia.
 @@ Article 5. The military service shall comprise an active service
and  a reserve  service.  Those serving in the Chinese People's
Liberation Army are active servicemen while those regimented into
militia  organizations  or registered in the reserve service are
reservists.
 @@  Article 6. The active servicemen and reservists must abide
by the Constitution and the law, and shall perform their duties and
at the same time  enjoy their rights as citizens; their rights and
duties resulting from their joining the military service shall be
specified  separately  in military regulations in addition to the
provisions of this Law.
 @@  Article  7. Active servicemen must abide by the rules and
regulations of the  army,  faithfully  discharge  their duties and
always be ready to fight for the defence of the motherland.
 Reservists  must  participate  in military training according
to  the regulations  and  always be ready to join the army and take
part in war for the defence of the motherland.
 @@  Article  8.  Medals, decorations or titles of honour shall be
given to active servicemen and reservists who perform meritorious deeds.
 @@  Article  9.  The  People's Liberation Army shall practise a
system of military ranks.
  @@  Article  10.  Responsibility  for  military  service work
throughout the country  shall  be  assumed  by  the  Ministry of
National Defence under the leadership of the State Council and the
Central Military Commission.
 The  military commands shall be responsible for military service work
within their respective areas as assigned by the Ministry of National
Defence.
 The  provincial  commands  (  garrison commands ), sub-commands
(garrison commands) and the departments of people's armed forces
of  counties, autonomous  counties,  cities and municipal districts
shall concurrently act as  the  military service organs of the
people's  governments  at  the corresponding  levels  and shall be
responsible for military service work in their  respective areas
under  the leadership of military organs at higher levels and the
people's governments at corresponding levels.
  Government  organs,  public  organizations,  enterprises  and
institutions  and  the  people's  governments  of  townships,
nationality townships, and towns sha

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