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Military Service Law of the People's Republic of C
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CHAPTER III THE ACTIVE SERVICE AND RESERVE SERVICE OF SOLDIERS
 @@  Article  17.  There  shall  be  two  types  of  soldiers:
conscripts and volunteers.
 @@  Article  18.  The term of service for conscripts shall be three
years in the army and four years in the navy and the air force.
 Upon  the  expiration  of  his active service, a conscript may,
according to the  need of the armed forces and on a voluntary basis,
extend his service. The extended period of service shall be one to
two years in the army and one year in the navy and the air force.
 @@  Article  19.  A conscript on extended active duty who has
completed  five  years  of  active  service  and who has become
professionally or technically skilled  may,  by  his application
and  upon  approval  by  a division headquarters or a higher organ,
change to a volunteer.
 The term of active service for a volunteer shall be no less than
eight years  and  no more than twelve years, counting from the day he
changes to a volunteer,  up  to a maximum age of 35; the term
may  be  extended  appropriately  upon  approval  by  an army
headquarters or a higher organ if the volunteer is specially needed in
the armed forces and if he desires the
extension.
 @@  Article  20.  A soldier shall be discharged from active service
upon the expiration of his term of active service. Those who have to
be discharged from  active  service  because of a reduction in the
personnel of the armed forces,  a  condition of health unfit for
continued service as diagnosed and certified by a hospital of the
armed forces, or other special reasons may be discharged before the
expiration of the terms of their active service upon approval by a
division headquarters or a higher organ.
 @@  Article 21. A soldier who is discharged from active service
but is qualified  for reserve service shall be assigned by his army
unit to serve in  the soldiers reserve; a soldier who is considered
after assessment to be fit for the post of an officer shall serve in
the officers reserve.
 A  soldier  who  is discharged from active service and assigned by
his army unit  to  serve in the reserve shall, within thirty days of
returning to his place  of  residence, register for reserve service
with the military service organ of his county, autonomous county, city
or municipal district.
  @@  Article  22.  Citizens  eligible  for enlistment who have
registered for military  service  according to the provisions of
Article 13 of this Law but who have not been enlisted for active
service shall serve in the soldiers reserve.
 @@  Article  23. Persons serving in the soldiers reserve shall
be aged between 18 and 35.
 @@  Article  24.  Persons in the soldiers' reserve shall be divided
into two categories:
Category One of the persons in the soldiers' reserve shall include:
 (1)  persons regimented into primary militia organizations pursuant
to the provisions of Article 38 of this Law;
 (2)  soldiers under the age of 28 who have been discharged from
active service  and  have  registered for reserve service in work
units where no militia organizations are to be established; and
 (3)  professional  and  technical personnel under the age of 28
who have registered for reserve service.
Category Two of the persons in the soldiers reserve shall include:
 (1)  persons regimented into ordinary militia organizations pursuant
to the provisions of Article 38 of this Law; and
 (2)  soldiers aged between 29 and 35 who have been discharged from
active service  and  have registered for reserve service as well
as other male citizens  qualified  for  reserve service in work
units where no militia organizations are to be established.
 Reserve  soldiers  in Category One shall be transferred to Category
Two upon attaining  the age of 29; those in Category Two shall be
discharged from the reserve service at the age of 35.
CHAPTER IV THE ACTIVE SERVICE AND RESERVE SERVICE OF OFFICERS
 @@  Article  25.  Officers in active service shall be replenished
with the following personnel:
(1) graduates of military institutes and academies;
 (2)  soldiers who have been trained at officers training centres
established with  the approval of the Central Military Commission and
who are considered after assessment to be fit for the posts of officers;
 (3)  graduates  of  institutions  of higher learning and secondary
technical schools who are fit for officers posts; and
 (4)  civilian  cadres  of  the armed forces and professional and
technical  personnel  recruited  individually  from  non-military
departments.
 In  wartime,  officers  in active service shall also be replenished
with the following personnel:
 (1) soldiers who can be appointed directl

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