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Military Service Law of the People's Republic of C
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CHAPTER VI THE MILITIA
 @@  Article  36.  The  militia  is an armed organization of the
masses not divorced  from  production,  and  is  an assisting and
reserve force for the Chinese People's Liberation Army.
The tasks of the militia shall be:
 (1)  take  an active part in the socialist modernization and be
exemplary in completing the tasks in production and other fields;
 (2)  undertake  the  duties  related to preparations against war,
defend the frontiers and maintain public order; and
 (3)  be always ready to join the armed forces to take part in war,
resist aggression and defend the motherland.
 @@  Article  37.  Militia  organizations  shall  be set up in
townships,  nationality   townships,   towns,  enterprises  and
institutions. Male citizens who  belong  to the 18-35 age group
and  are  fit for military service, excluding those enlisted for
active  service,  shall be regimented into militia units to perform
reserve service. The age limit for militia cadres may be handled
flexibly.
In units where no militia organizations are to be established,
male citizens  qualified  for military service shall be registered
for reserve service in accordance with the regulations.
 @@  Article 38. The militia shall consist of a primary militia
and an ordinary  militia. A selected group of militiamen under 28
years of age, including  soldiers discharged from active service
and other persons who have received or are selected for military
training, shall be regimented into  the primary militia; other male
citizens belonging to the age group of 18 to 35 who are qualified
for military service shall be regimented into the ordinary militia.
The primary militia may recruit female citizens when necessary.
  The  age  limit  for  primary  militiamen  may  be extended
appropriately in frontier  areas on land or sea, areas inhabited by
minority nationalities as well as urban units in special circumstances.
CHAPTER VII MILITARY TRAINING FOR RESERVISTS
 @@  Article  39.  Military training for soldiers in reserve service
shall be conducted either in militia organizations or separately.
 Primary  militiamen belonging to the age group of 18-20 who have not
been in active service shall receive military training for 30 to
40 days; the period  of training for professional and technical
militiamen may be extended appropriately according to actual needs.
 The  retraining  of  primary militiamen who have performed active
service or have  received  military  training  and  the military
training for ordinary militiamen and for soldiers in reserve service
who  are  not  regimented into militia  organizations  shall  be
conducted as provided for by the Central Military Commission.
 @@  Article  40. Officers in reserve service shall receive military
training for three to six months during the period of their reserve
service.
  @@  Article  41.  The State Council and the Central Military
Commission may, when  necessary,  decide  that the reservists shall
participate in emergency training.
 @@  Article  42.  During  the  period  of  military  training,
reservists in government organs, public organizations, enterprises and
institutions shall receive  their  wages  and bonuses from their
respective units as usual, and their welfare benefits shall not be
affected either.
 Reservists  in rural areas shall, during the period of military
training, be subsidized for the loss of work time according to the
income of similar workers through an equal sharing of the burden
effected  by  the  people's governments of townships, nationality
townships, and towns.
 CHAPTER  VIII MILITARY TRAINING FOR STUDENTS OF INSTITUTIONS OF
HIGHER LEARNING AND STUDENTS OF SENIOR MIDDLE SCHOOLS
 @@  Article  43. Students of institutions of higher learning must
receive basic military training during the period of their schooling.
 To  meet  the needs of national defence, additional short-term,
concentrated training  shall  be  given  to  students fit for the
posts of officers, and those who are considered as qualified after
assessment shall serve in the officers reserve upon approval by
military organs.
 @@  Article 44. Offices in charge of military training shall be set
up and military  instructors provided in institutions of higher
learning to organize and conduct the military training of the students.
 The  short-term,  concentrated training for promoting people as
reserve officers  prescribed in paragraph 2 of Article 43 shall be
organized and conducted  jointly by officers in active service sent
from military organs and  the  offices  of  the institutions of
higher learning in charge of military trai

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