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Military Service Law of the People's Republic of C
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CHAPTER  X  PREFERENTIAL  TREATMENT  FOR  ACTIVE SERVICEMEN AND
PLACEMENT OF
EX-SERVICEMEN
 @@  Article  51.  Active  servicemen,  disabled revolutionary
armymen, ex-servicemen,  and family members of revolutionary martyrs,
of armymen who were  killed  in action or died of diseases, and of
active servicemen shall be esteemed by the general public and given
preferential treatment by the state and the masses of people.
 @@  Article  52.  Disabled  revolutionary  armymen  shall enjoy
priority  in  buying  tickets  at  favourable  discount  prices
according  to  relevant regulations when travelling by train, ship,
airplane or long-distance bus.
 Ordinary mail sent by conscripts from their units shall be free of
charge.
 @@  Article 53. Active servicemen who are wounded or disabled while
taking part  in  military  operations or performing military duties
shall be graded for their disability by their army units and be given
pension certificates for  disabled revolutionary armymen. Disabled
revolutionary  armymen  of  Special  Grade  and  First  Grade
discharged  from active service shall be provided for by the state
throughout their lives. Disabled revolutionary armymen of Second and
Third  Grades who are residents of cities or towns shall be given
jobs suited to their abilities by the people's governments of their
counties,  autonomous counties, cities or municipal districts; those
who  are  residents  of rural areas may be given suitable jobs in
enterprises  or institutions if this can be done locally, or they may
get an increase  in the pension for the disabled in accordance
with relevant regulations as a guarantee for their livelihood.
 @@  Article  54. Families of conscripts which reside in rural areas
shall be given  favourable  treatment through an equal sharing of
the burden to be effected by the people's governments of townships,
nationality townships or towns. The specific measures and standards
for such favourable treatment shall be formulated by the people's
governments  of  provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities
directly under the Central Government.
 Families  of  conscripts  which  reside  in cities and towns and
which face financial difficulties shall be given appropriate subsidies
by the people's governments of counties, autonomous counties, cities or
municipal districts.
 @@  Article 55. A pension in a lump sum shall be given by the state
to the family of an active serviceman who was killed in action
or died of a disease. If the family cannot provide for itself because
it has no one who can work or because it has no regular income,
it shall be given a periodical pension by the state.
 @@  Article 56. Conscripts discharged from active service shall,
on the principle of returning to the place where they came from, be
accepted and placed  by  the people's governments of the counties,
autonomous counties, cities or municipal districts where they were
enlisted:
  (1)  Conscripts  who  are  residents  of  rural  areas, when
discharged from active  service,  shall  be provided with proper
arrangements  for  their work and  livelihood  by  the  people's
governments  of  townships,  nationality townships  and  towns.
Government organs, public organizations, enterprises and institutions
shall give appropriate preference to them when recruiting staff and
workers from rural areas.
  (2)  Conscripts  who are residents of cities and towns, when
discharged from active service, shall be given jobs by the people's
governments of counties, autonomous counties, cities or municipal
districts. Those who, prior to enlistment,  had been regular staff
members  or  workers of government organs, public  organizations,
enterprises  or  institutions  shall  be  allowed to resume their
original work or positions.
 (3)  When  conscripts  discharged  from active service take
entrance  examinations  for  institutions  of  higher learning or
secondary vocational schools, they shall enjoy enrollment priority
over contenders who are equally qualified in other respects.
 @@  Article 57. Conscripts discharged from active service because of
mental disorder  acquired  during  the  period  of their active
service  shall, depending  on the seriousness of their cases, be sent
to a civilian hospital for  medical treatment or sent home for
recuperation. Their medical and living expenses shall be borne by
the  people's  governments  of their respective counties, autonomous
counties, cities or municipal districts.
 Conscripts  discharged  from  active service who contracted chronic
diseases during  the  period  of  their active service and who need
med

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